IIn the Gaza war, the fronts have further hardened even after the UN Security Council called for an “immediate ceasefire” in a resolution. While UN Secretary-General António Guterres strongly called for the resolution to be implemented, the Islamist Hamas reiterated its call for a permanent ceasefire – and blamed Israel on Monday evening for the lack of agreement on a ceasefire agreement and the release of more hostages.

In turn, major disagreements arose between Israel and its important ally the USA: Out of anger that the Americans had helped the resolution succeed, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu canceled a delegation trip to Washington at the last minute. The US government reacted irritably and at the same time tried to appease the Israelis and downplay the importance of the Security Council resolution.

USA: Resolution is not binding

“It is a non-binding resolution that has no impact on Israel and its ability to continue to act against Hamas,” said US National Security Council communications director John Kirby. Resolutions of the World Security Council are indeed binding under international law. Secretary General Guterres also demanded that the resolution be implemented. “Failure would be unforgivable,” he warned on Monday on the platform X, formerly Twitter.

On Monday, Kirby dismissed various questions about whether the relationship between Israel and the USA – and specifically between Netanyahu and US President Joe Biden – had reached a low point. That is not the case. “Israel remains a close ally and a friend,” the communications director emphasized, but added: “That doesn’t mean we agree on everything, and my goodness, we don’t.”

Baerbock praises Palestinian contribution

Meanwhile, after a conversation with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Federal Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock praised the Palestinian Authority (PA) and Abbas personally for their contribution to the UN resolution. With the clear condemnation of Hamas's violent crimes against civilians in Israel on October 7, the PA led by Abbas made “an important contribution” to the decision in New York, said Baerbock in Ramallah. She can only join the call for Hamas to lay down its weapons.

Hamas is stubborn in negotiations

However, Hamas announced on Monday evening that the mediators had been informed that they were sticking to their original position. In addition to a “comprehensive ceasefire”, this also provides for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the Gaza Strip, the return of the displaced and a “real” prisoner exchange. The reason is that Israel “has not responded to any of the fundamental demands of our people and our resistance.” Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu “and his extremist government bear full responsibility for thwarting all negotiation efforts and preventing an agreement so far,” it said.